Latin NameCimex lectularius
Description Bed bugs are parasitic insects that feed on blood. They prefer human blood.
ColorAdult bed bugs are light brown to reddish-brown and oval-shaped. Bed bugs have abdomens with sections of tiny hairs giving them a banded appearance. Adults grow to 0.16–0.20 in. long and are 0.059–0.118 in. wide.Newly hatched bed bugs are translucent. At any stage of life, a bed bugs' abdomen will turn bright red after they consume blood, then a brown rust color a few hours later. Sometimes bed bugs are mistaken for these insects: booklice, small cockroaches, or carpet beetles. When crushed or squished they emit a foul odor.
Life Cycle Bed bugs have six life stages. They shed their skins at each stage, discarding their outer shell. Bed bugs consume at least one to two blood meals before moulting. Fertilized females can lay three to four eggs each day until they die in about nine months time. They usually generate about 500 eggs.
Detection:Bed bugs are active at night, making it hard to detect them. They hide in dark, deep crevices. Hundreds of their small, sticky, transparent eggs can hide in fabric creases. Signs of infestation are small insect bites and red itchy patches on arms and legs, small dark, sand-like droppings on furniture and sheets, blood smears on sheets, and their empty shell carcasses in or near your bed. Once a bed bug finishes feeding, it retreats to areas near beds or other furniture. Bed bugs often live in bags, luggage, cars and trucks, couches, cars, electrical sockets, and even laptops. Bed bugs can also survive on cats and dogs. Humans are their preferred hosts.