Identifying the insects or rodents infesting your home is a key component to solving your pest problem. Look through our pest library and learn about their routines and habitats. Discover where the bug or rodent infestation is growing and hiding out in your home!
Read below for brief descriptions on common pests.
Call us at 270-769-3265 or 502-543-1282 to talk about our effective methods to control pests. You can also contact us toll-free at 1-888-285-5484.
Bed bugs - Cimex lectularius
Description: Bed bugs are parasitic insects that feed on blood. They prefer human blood.
Color: Adult bed bugs are light brown to reddish-brown and oval-shaped. Bed bugs have abdomens with sections of tiny hairs giving them a banded appearance. Adults grow to 0.16–0.20 in. long and are 0.059–0.118 in. wide.
Newly hatched bed bugs are translucent. At any stage of life, a bed bugs' abdomen will turn bright red after they consume blood, then a brown rust color a few hours later. Sometimes bed bugs are mistaken for these insects: booklice, small cockroaches, or carpet beetles. When crushed or squished they emit a foul odor.
Life Cycle: Bed bugs have six life stages. They shed their skins at each stage, discarding their outer shell. Bed bugs consume at least one to two blood meals before moulting.
Fertilized females can lay three to four eggs each day until they die in about nine months time. They usually generate about 500 eggs.
Detection: Bed bugs are active at night, making it hard to detect them. They hide in dark, deep crevices. Hundreds of their small, sticky, transparent eggs can hide in fabric creases. Signs of infestation are small insect bites and red itchy patches on arms and legs, small dark, sand-like droppings on furniture and sheets, blood smears on sheets, and their empty shell carcasses in or near your bed.
Once a bed bug finishes feeding, it retreats to areas near beds or other furniture. Bed bugs often live in bags, luggage, cars and trucks, couches, cars, electrical sockets, and even laptops. Bed bugs can also survive on cats and dogs. Humans are their preferred hosts.
Cockroach - Blattaria
Description: Cockroaches range in length from 0.59 in. long to 10.59 in. long. The American cockroach is about 1.2 in. long; the German cockroach about 10.59 in. long; the Asian cockroach about 0.59 in. in length; and the Oriental cockroach about 0.98 in. They can live up to six months.
Color: Adult cockroaches range in color from a reddish brown, medium brown to black, with long antennas and six legs.
Habitat: They live in moist, humid areas and swampy patches of land with shelter. Cockroaches prefer warm temperatures and don't do well in cold climates. Cockroaches are commonly found in basements, crawl spaces, underneath porches and foundations. Cockroaches also live in sewers, sometimes moving outside during warm weather.
Life Cycle: Cockroaches hatch from eggs, grow to a nymph stage then transition to life as an adult. Females usually produce 9–10 egg cases in their lifetime. Sometimes they can produce as many as 90.
Type of Damage: Cockroaches consume human and pet food. They often leave behind bad odors after they eat. Cockroaches are linked with allergic reactions and asthma in humans.
Brown Recluse Spiders - Loxosceles reclusa
Description: Brown recluse spiders can grow between 0.24 in. and 0.79 in. long.
Color: Ranging in color from light to medium brown, sometimes they are light gray or dark brown or gray. The brown recluse's body is vaguely violin shaped.
Habitat: Brown recluse spiders build irregular shaped webs in basements, crawl spaces, closets, and garages.
Life Cycle: Adult brown recluse spiders can live one to two years. Every year the females lay several egg sacs. There are about fifty eggs in each sac.
Type of Damage: Remember to shake out your clothing, if it's been in storage or the sheets in your guest bedroom. A brown recluse spider may be residing in your clothing or sheets. The brown recluse spider is not aggressive. They tend to only bite when trapped.
Black Widow Spiders - Latrodectus
Description: Black widow spiders are found in North America, Africa, and Australia. They can grow up to 0.511 in.
Color: Females are black with a red hourglass on the bottom of the spider's abdomen.
Habitat: Black widow spiders prefer dark, damp places outside in the undergrowth or forest. They also live in closets, basements, crawl spaces, sheds, and garages.
Life Cycle: They mate from springtime to the end of summer. Sometimes after mating the black widow female will consume the male. The female lays four to nine egg sacs each breeding season.
Type of Damage: The venom from black widow bites can cause cramps, vomiting and rapid heart beats. Symptoms can last from one week to several weeks.
Mice - Murinae
Description: Mice are small rodents. Each mouse has tiny, round ears and a long, scaly tail. They are rapid breeders.
Color: Adult mice range in color from light brown, dark brown to dark gray.
Habitat: Mice live almost everywhere around the world. They can live in forests, mountains, plains, deserts, barns and houses.
Life Cycle: Breeding occurs throughout the year. Female mice can give birth to a litter of three to fourteen young. They typically have five to ten litters per year.
Type of Damage: Mice chew through furniture, walls, floors and electrical wiring. Their practice of chewing through wiring can cause fires. Mice can sometimes carry diseases and contaminate food.
Moles - Scalopus aquaticus
Description: Moles are small mammals that live underground. They have long round bodies, velvety fur, small ears and eyes. Their front paws are strong and adapted to digging underground tunnels.
Color: Moles range in color from gray to taupe.
Habitat: They dig burrows and tunnels in dry areas.
Life Cycle: Moles only mate once a year. Their litters usually produce two to six pups. They can live four to six years.
Type of Damage: They can tear up lawns, livestock's grass feed, flower beds, plant roots and destroy drainage systems. Moles also create tunnels in gardens and lawns.
Wasps - Cimex Hymenoptera
Description: Wasp are insects. They are not related to bees or ants.
Color: Wasps are dramatically colored with alternating black and yellow areas of coloring.
Habitat: They live in trees, garages, porches, playgrounds and abandoned buildings. All wasps build nests. The nests can be found one or two stories high or ground level. Wasps make their paper-like nests from wood fibers they chew up into pulp.
Life Cycle: Drones live 12-22 days while the queens live up to a year.
Type of Damage: Wasps tunnel into wood decks, porches and other wooden structures and can cause damage over time. If provoked, wasps will sting. People who are allergic to wasp stings are also allergic to the hornet stings.
Hornets - Dolichovespula maculata
Description: Hornets are insects. They are the largest of the wasps. Some hornets reach up to 2.2 in. in length.
Habitat: They make nests in trees and bushes.
Life Cycle: Hornets build their nest in the spring, usually in hollow tree trunks. Each nest contains between 200-400 Hornets. After hatching, Hornet larvae undergo five stages. Hornets live for several months, but only the fertilized queens survive over winter.
Type of Damage: If disturbed hornets will mobilize the entire nest to attack people and animals to protect their hive. People who are allergic to wasp stings are also allergic to hornet stings. Hornet stings tend to be more painful than typical wasp stings.
Fleas - Ctenocephalides
Description: Fleas are wingless, external parasites. They live off the blood of mammals and birds.
Color: Fleas are dark brown, black or deep reddish-brown.
Habitat: Once a flea reaches adulthood, it lives to find blood and reproduce.
Life Cycle: Adult fleas usually live 2 to 3 months. Fleas start out hatching from an egg, progressing on to the larva and pupa stages and finally growing into an adult.
Type of Damage: Flea bites can remain itchy and red for many weeks. On animals, it can lead to hair loss due to their frequent scratching and biting. Fleas can also serve as a vector of disease. They can carry these diseases to humans: cat-scratch fever, typhus and the plague.
Ticks - Dermacentor variabilis (Say)
Description: Ticks are small arachnids.
Color: Ticks are usually brownish in color, but may change to rust or brown-red after feeding. The eggs are reddish brown.
Habitat: They live in areas where yards border wooded areas, gardens, shaded areas or sandy areas with crevices.They thrive in high humidity areas.
Life Cycle: Ticks undergo three stages: larval, nymphal, and adult. Female ticks can lay several hundred eggs over their lifetimes.
Type of Damage: Ticks carry diseases that are transmitted to humans. The major tick-borne diseases include: Babesiosis, Ehrlichiosis, Anaplasmosis Lyme Disease, Relapsing Fever, Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever, Tularemia and the Heartland virus.
Silverfish - Lepisma saccharina (Linnaeus)
Description: Silverfish are insects that usually grow to 0.5–1 in. long. Their abdomens taper at the end, giving them a fish-like appearance.
Color: Silverfish are a silvery, light grey and blue color.
Habitat: They are found throughout North America in homes and buildings. They can usually be found in damp and humid places such as bathrooms, basements, and attics.
Life Cycle: Silverfish can lay eggs at any time during the year. The eggs take 19-43 days to hatch. The life cycle of silverfish from egg to adult is three to four months.
Type of Damage: They contaminate food and will consume books, carpet, clothes, coffee, glue, some paints, photos, plaster, and sugar.